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FFI发起呼吁拯救世界上生物多样性最丰富的地区

作者:Sarah Rakowski 来源:www.fauna-flora.org 翻译:戴燕婉 校对:张子婕

        建立在Flower Valley Conservation Trust(花谷保护信托)成功的基础之上
 
        FFI发起了全球性呼吁以保护南非南端的125,970英亩的高山硬叶灌木。
 
       位于南非的奥弗贝格(Overberg region)地区的阿古利亚斯平原(Agulhas plain)拥有比亚马孙雨林更高的植物品种密集度。它是全球仅剩的五大植物王国之一。如果不加以保护,它将面临毁灭。
 
       这次呼吁力争增加高山硬叶灌木地区拯救与保护工作的基金。一些最罕见也最濒危的植物存活于这个地区中,而世界的其它地区已失去了它们的踪影。据红皮书所写(书中对稀有、濒危的植物进行了分类),高山硬叶灌木生态系统拥有最多的世界濒危植物,这使得保护这片地区变得尤为重要。据估计,其中25植物已经灭绝。
 
       伦敦自然历史博物馆的荣誉研究员,FFI委员会成员,桑德拉 . 可耐普博士说道:“对于一名植物学家,比如我,高山硬叶灌木魅力十足。这里是地球上物种最丰富的栖息地,在这里物种的形成非常的快。这意味着它是地球的生物多样性的发源地之一,可想而知,保护其植物的多样性是多么的重要。”
 
       高山硬叶灌木群落——野生生物及生计所面临的威胁
       高山硬叶灌木群落是一个非常特殊的栖息地,拥有超过7000种植物,其中70%只生存在这里。高山硬叶灌木群落的小型动物物种丰富度也很高,据说,有超过一半品种的南非青蛙生活在此。
 
       海拔,土壤,气候环境的多样造就了多样的小生境,让丰富的物种可以在这片土地上安居乐业。
 
       不幸的是,高山硬叶灌木群落面临着巨大的威胁。外来入侵植物物种泛滥于这片海角处的植物王国。同时,很多地区为了种植高利润的谷物与葡萄,而清除了原有的植被。
 
       采伐高山硬叶灌木,并将它们卖给当地商贩及出口商,是这个地区一直以来的一项经济来源。
 
       但是,过度的采伐威胁到了高山硬叶灌木群落的再生长,并且增加了火灾与水土流失的可能性。相对的,高山硬叶灌木的损耗威胁着那些靠这些木材维持生计的人。
 
       10年前,FFI帮助成立了FVCT(花谷保护信托)。这个组织成功的守护住了1359英亩的低地高山硬叶灌木。如果没有FVCT的工作,这片土地将变为一片葡萄酒生产基地。现在,我们希望能扩大濒危的高山硬叶灌木群落的保护面积,因为这里是很多濒危物种的家。
 
       请支持我们的工作,以拯救那片令人惊叹的植物王国。http://www.fauna-flora.org/support/

Fauna & Flora International launches appeal to save one of the world’s most biodiverse regions---Building on the success of the Flower Valley Conservation Trust

 
Fauna & Flora International (FFI) has launched a global appeal to help protect 125,970 acres of fynbos at the southern tip of South Africa.
 
The Agulhas plain in the Overberg region of South Africa contains a higher concentration of plant species than the Amazon rainforest. It is one of only five plant kingdoms in the world, and without help to protect this area, it faces destruction.
 
The appeal seeks to raise funds to secure and protect fynbos areas containing some of the rarest and most threatened plants existing any. According to the Red Data Book (which classifies rare and endangered plants), the fynbos biome contains the highest number of endangered plants in the world, making the conservation of this area vitally important. It is estimated that 25 species have already been lost.
 
Dr Sandra Knapp, Merit Researcher at London’s Natural History Museum and FFI Council Member said, “For botanists like me, the fynbos area is fascinating. It is the most species-rich habitat on Earth, and is an area speciation is happening at a rapid rate. This means that the fynbos is an area diversity of life on Earth is being generated today, making it a key area for the conservation of plant diversity.”

Fynbos – threats to wildlife and livelihoods
Fynbos is a unique habitat that contains over 7,000 plant species, of which 70% grow no else. What’s more, fynbos supports a rich variety of smaller animal species and is thought to contain more than half of South Africa’s frogs.
 
The high number of species is thanks to a wide variety of sub-habitats resulting from the range of elevations, soils and climatic conditions.
 
Unfortunately however, fynbos faces numerous threats. Invasive vegetation has overrun much of the Cape Floral Kingdom, while many areas have been cleared to make way for more financially-rewarding crops and vineyards.
 
The harvesting of fynbos, to sell to local and export markets, is an age-old vocation in the region, with many people now dependent on fynbos for their income.
 
However unsustainable harvesting of fynbos plants threatens regrowth, and increases the risk of fire and erosion in the area. As a result, the depletion of fynbos fields also threatens those who depend on fynbos for their livelihood.
 
Ten years ago FFI helped to set up the Flower Valley Conservation Trust which has been working to protect an area of 1,359 acres of lowland fynbos which otherwise would have been turned over to wine production. We now want to expand to other areas which are home to endangered fynbos species.

关注领域
濒危树种的保护
濒危灵长类的保护
青藏高原草地资源管理
生物多样性主流化

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