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关于:奔巴狐蝠

来源:www.fauna-flora.org 翻译:宓春荣 校对:张子婕

       狐蝠分布地域广泛从澳大利亚、东南亚到西印度洋。令人惊奇的是在非洲大陆上没有发现它们的身影。在坦桑尼亚的近海岛屿曾有两种狐蝠被记录。
 
       离坦桑尼亚海岸40公里的奔巴岛,是奔巴狐蝠的所在地。奔巴狐蝠第一次被描述是在1909年,这个物种以它的栗色—橙色的皮毛来加以区分。

       它们主要以水果为食,也可能吃些花蜜、花粉和叶子。
 
奔巴狐蝠简介:
·奔巴狐蝠有狗一样的脸部特征,重量大约在1斤左右
·白天的时候,它们在树上休息而不是在洞穴里,一个群体可能多达850个个体。
·不像食虫类的蝙蝠用回声定位,奔巴狐蝠是用视觉来定位水果的位置。
 
       当地的奔巴人狩猎奔巴狐蝠作为食物已是一个传统。起初他们用长木棒作简单的陷阱,最近奔巴人开始使用猎枪来猎杀奔巴狐蝠。
 
       上世纪90年代早期的报告显示奔巴狐蝠因狩猎和栖息地的丧失而面临灭绝的危险,因此被列为了极度濒危物种。
 
       在过去十年,FFI(野生动植物保护国际)已经支持奔巴岛的经济作物、水果和森林部门进行了一系列的保护活动。
 
       这些工作包括与当地社区的紧密合作,监督蝙蝠的栖息地。保护工作的结果是令人欣喜的,蝙蝠种群数量有了显著提高。

About: Pemba flying fox

Flying fox bats have a wide distribution from Australia and south-east Asia to the western Indian Ocean, but surprisingly are not found on mainland Africa. Two species are recorded on Tanzania’s offshore islands.
 
Pemba Island, 40km off the Tanzanian coast is home to the Pemba flying fox, which was first described in 1909.  This species is distinctive for its bright chestnut-orange fur.
 
It feeds mainly on fruit, but may also consume nectar, pollen and leaves.

Pemba flying fox facts:
·Pemba flying foxes have been said to have dog-like facial features and can weigh in at around half a kilo
·They roost during the day in trees rather than caves in groups of up to 850 individuals
·Unlike insectivorous bats they do not use echolocation but vision to locate fruit

The Pemba flying fox has traditionally been hunted by local Pembaris as a source of food, originally using simple traps on long sticks, and more recently with shotguns.

Reports in the early 1990s indicated that the species was at risk of extinction as a result of hunting and habitat loss, and consequently the species was listed as Critically Endangered.
 
Fauna & Flora International (FFI) has supported the Department of Commercial Crops, Fruits and Forestry on Pemba Island to undertake a range of conservation activities over the past decade.
 
These have included working closely with the community and monitoring of bat roosting sites. The result has been a remarkable conservation success that has seen the bat population recover dramatically.

关注领域
濒危树种的保护
濒危灵长类的保护
青藏高原草地资源管理
生物多样性主流化

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