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印度尼西亚亚齐省非法伐木干预

翻译:戴燕婉
校对:赵兴峰

  野生动植物保护国际(FFI)的新报道在热带雨林的保护方面提供了深刻理解。

  非法伐木是一个严重的全球性问题,这个问题印度尼西亚是尤为严重,印尼拥有全球10%的热带森林。

  2004年毁灭性的印度洋海啸之后,亚齐省原始雨林和木材正遭受着前所未有的压力,因为大范围的重建工作需要大量的木材。

  这种情况引起了FFI的重视。FFI自1998就开始为亚齐省乌卢梅森生态系统开展工作。

  乌卢梅森占地738,000平方公里,生物多样性极为丰富,这里生存着300种鸟类,同时还是一些全球重要物种的栖息地,如苏门答腊虎,亚洲象等。

  这里同样为超过百万人提供了重要的社会、环境和经济服务(比如净水资源和防洪设施)。

合作企划

  在2008年,为了干预该地区大面积的非法伐木,FFI和当地的合作伙伴以保护乌卢梅森的森林为名策划并建成了“反对非法伐木网络”。

  FFI森林保护项目经理Wahdi Azmi先生描述了该行动的途径:“我们在和所有的利益相关者一起行动:从监督并报道非法伐木的非政府组织,到作出了相应回应的执法部门,我们都在与他们合作”。

  FFI已经发表了一篇新的报导,总结了本次项目取得的引人注目的成果:
  •  在过去12个月内,超过190起非法伐木事件被报道,采取了86项执法行动。
  •  总共有251立方米的木材,26辆运输木材的车辆,17件链锯和两把工业锯被查获,3家伐木工厂被勒令停业,这些工具和工厂均是用来非法伐木的。
  •  在45起案例中,138名疑似非法伐木工人已被拘捕。他们中约有一半(48.3%)人被判处监禁(4个月到4.5年不等),另有41.4%的疑犯接受了口头警告,因为这次是初犯。其余10.3%的疑犯还在等待最终判决。

  FFI的森林犯罪活动调查协调者Rahmad Kasia称:“FFI已经在报道中提出了很多建议。我们在进一步的给当地的一个NGO拨款,让他们可以继续监测工作并建设有助于我们工作的社区。同时,我们还与亚齐省政府签署了一份正式的协议,他们承诺对非法伐木做出一些实实在在的回应。”

印度尼西亚森林的未来

  现在印尼的政府正准备实施一项国家战略,通过减少森林砍伐和森林退化降低排放。(REDD战略)

  一系列的REDD+项目有潜力带来数亿美元,并非常有利于生物多样性,但在这之前,印尼政府必须首先兑现这一战略之前允诺的目标:减少森林损失。

  相应的,目标的实现需要制定一系列综合的策略以同时应对非法木材砍伐和土地占用,这些策略正是当前紧迫的。

  FFI的Ulu Masen的报道就建立这一战略的可能性基础——与多方面的利益相关者交涉。这也将帮助策划者在一些潜在的问题出现前就预测并减缓它们。

新闻来源:http://www.fauna-flora.org/news/tackling-illegal-logging-in-aceh-indonesia/

Tackling illegal logging in Aceh, Indonesia

New report by Fauna & Flora International offers important insights the protection of tropical forests.

Illegal logging is a serious problem around the world, not least in Indonesia which is home to 10% of the world’s tropical forests.

Following the devastating 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, Aceh’s pristine rainforest and its timber came under unprecedented pressure to supply the large-scale reconstruction effort in this Indonesian province.

This was cause for concern for Fauna & Flora International (FFI) which has been working in Aceh’s Ulu Masen ecosystem since 1998.

The 738,000 ha Ulu Masen landscape is rich in biodiversity, supporting over 300 bird species as well as globally important populations of Sumatran tiger and Asian elephant.

It also provides invaluable social, environmental and economic services (such as clean water supplies and flood prevention) to over a million people.

A collaborative approach

In 2008, in an effort to tackle the large-scale deforestation in the area, FFI and local partners designed and implemented an ‘anti-illegal logging network’ for Ulu Masen’s forests.

Mr Wahdi Azmi, FFI’s Forest Conservation Manager described the approach, “We are working with all of the main stakeholders: from local NGOs who monitor and report illegal forest activities, to law enforcement agencies who then respond in the field.”

FFI has now published a new report which outlines the compelling results from this project:
  • Over 12 months 190 forest offences were reported, which resulted in 86 law enforcement operations
  • In total, 251 m3 of illegal timber, 26 vehicles, 17 chainsaws and two industrial saws were seized and three sawmills closed, all of which were used for illegal logging
  • 138 suspected illegal loggers were arrested. From 45 cases monitored until a known outcome approximately half (48.3%) received a prison sentence (4 months to 4.5 years), while 41.4% received a verbal warning for a first offence. The remaining 10.3% were awaiting a final verdict.
Mr Rahmad Kasia, FFI’s Forest Crime and Investigation Coordinator said, “FFI has taken on many of the recommendations made in the report. We’ve provided a sub-grant to a local NGO so they can keep monitoring the situation and build community support for our work. We’ve also signed a formal agreement with the Aceh police, which should increase their on-the-ground response.”
The future of Indonesian forests

The Government of Indonesia is currently preparing to implement a nationwide strategy to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+).

These REDD+ projects have the potential to generate billions of dollars and yield significant biodiversity benefits, but the Government of Indonesia first needs to demonstrate its ability to meet pre-agreed targets for reducing forest loss.

In turn, this will require the establishment of a comprehensive strategy that tackles both illegal timber felling and land encroachment, which so far has generally been lacking.

FFI’s Ulu Masen report outlines a multi-stakeholder approach that could form the basis for such a strategy, and will help planners to predict and mitigate potential problems before they arise.

关注领域
濒危树种的保护
濒危灵长类的保护
青藏高原草地资源管理
生物多样性主流化

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